One natural way that is considered successful in increasing fertility is exercise. However, you still need to pay attention to the intensity and how long it takes to exercise. Therefore, research states that excessive exercise can reduce fertility so that it can also affect pregnancy programs.
How is it possible, activities that should be able to make the body healthy, can be bad for your fertility? Check out the following complete information.
Meaning of excessive exercise
In general, everyone is advised to exercise for at least 150 minutes every week. This need can increase if you have a specific target, such as losing weight or building muscle.
You can continue to increase the duration and intensity of exercise, but your body still has limits. Everyone has different abilities. Sports with a duration or intensity that exceeds this limit is called excessive.
The definition of excessive exercise varies with each individual. Even so, some symptoms arise when a person exceeds his ability to exercise. These symptoms include increased heart rate, insomnia, decreased appetite, and stress.
In women, excessive exercise can also cause the cessation of temporary menstruation or amenorrhea. This is what ultimately makes many people believe that excessive exercise can reduce fertility.
Research on exercise and fertility
Various studies on the relationship between exercise and fertility give mixed results. Sports with mild and moderate intensity are indeed beneficial for fertility, but sports with heavy intensity can reduce it.
This was proven by a study in the journal Sports Medicine. In that study, heavy intensity exercise for more than 60 minutes a day was allegedly able to prevent ovulation. Ovulation is the process of releasing an egg from the ovary.
Once released, the egg should move toward the fallopian tube to experience fertilization. However, excessive exercise causes stress on the body. Stress inhibits the function of the pituitary gland in the brain which regulates the mechanism of ovulation.
The pituitary gland responds to stress by preventing ovulation from occurring. This is the body’s mechanism to protect itself from high stress due to excessive physical activity. In the end, excessive exercise can stop ovulation and reduce fertility.
Excessive exercise can also affect the function of the hormone leptin. Disorders of the hormone leptin can reduce appetite. Your body needs nutrients, especially fat to be able to ovulate.
Besides, the disrupted function of the hormone leptin will also disrupt metabolism. Chaotic metabolism plus a lack of fat intake can gradually inhibit ovulation. As a result, you experience amenorrhea that is marked by the cessation of menstruation for 3 months or more.
How to restore fertility that is not normal
Excessive exercise can indeed reduce fertility, but you can restore it in several ways. The first method is to provide additional calorie intake so that the body can return to normal functioning.
If you do not want to increase your calorie intake, you can undergo the second method by taking fertility drugs that have been recommended by your doctor. That way, the condition of reproductive hormones in your body will return to normal.
Although effective, this method is not suitable for women who have thin bodies. You need to gain weight and improve nutrition first so that the body can function again.
After that, then you can go back to your usual exercise routine. Make sure you undergo exercise as needed. Avoid excessive exercise or other activities that can reduce fertility again.